What Is Turkish Coffee?

It is noted that coffee was discovered in the Kaffa region in Abyssinia (Ethiopia) at the beginning of the 14th century and spread all over the world. Ottoman governor of Yemen Ozdemir Pasha admired the taste of coffee and brought coffee to Istanbul in 1543. Coffee prepared by a new method is cooked in coffee pots (Cezve: in Turkish) and named Turkish coffee.

Thanks to the coffee houses that were first opened in Tahtakale/Istanbul in 1554 and spread rapidly throughout the city, the Ottoman people became acquainted with coffee. Coffee houses and coffee culture, where books and beautiful writings are read every hour of the day, chess and backgammon are played, poetry and literature conversations are held, left their mark on the social life of the period. 

In a short time, thanks to both the merchants and travelers who fell on their way to Istanbul and the Ottoman envoys, the reputation of Turkish coffee first swept Europe and then the whole world.

Turkish coffee is actually the name of the method of preparing and cooking coffee discovered by the Turks. It has a unique method of cooking and a tradition of serving. Turkish coffee is the only type of coffee served with grounds. 

Turkish coffee, blended from high-quality coffee beans and carefully roasted, preferably over a charcoal fire, is very finely ground. It cooks in the coffee pot (Cezve) with water and sugar (if desired). It is served with small coffee cups and water. The water served next to it is not at the end of the coffee; it is drunk before drinking the coffee. Before drinking, it is expected for a short time for its sediment to collapse to the bottom. 

Turkish Coffee led to the opening of coffee houses in Istanbul in the 16th century and took on the role of socialization. Over the years, the Turkish coffee tradition has become a symbol of hospitality, friendship, kindness, and entertainment. Even in a Turkish proverb, this culture was supported and it was said that "a cup of coffee has a memory of forty years". It also has been a traditional element of religious feasts and "girl asking" ceremonies. (According to Turkish traditions, the "ceremony of asking for a girl" is when the groom and his family go to the House of the bride and his family to drink coffee and meet. "Asking for a girl", the first step in the exciting and intensive marriage process, is a ceremony that has taken place for centuries.)

In 2013, the culture and tradition of Turkish coffee were included in UNESCO's "Intangible Cultural Heritage List".